Words related to IFI that you may not know

Antifungal medicine
A medicine that fights a fungus infecting the body. The medicine prescribed depends on the specific type of fungal infection.

Aspergillosis
An infection caused by the fungus Aspergillus, which is a type of mold. This infection usually starts in the lungs.

Aspergillus
A mold that can infect the lungs, sinuses, or other organs in people with a weak immune system. It is one of two types of fungi that most often cause an invasive fungal infection.

Candida
A yeast that can infect the bloodstream or body organs in people with a weak immune system. It is one of two types of fungi that most often cause an invasive fungal infection.

Candidemia
An infection in the blood caused by the fungus Candida, which is a yeast.

Candidiasis
A general term for an infection by the yeast Candida anywhere on the skin or in the body.

Central venous catheter
A tube that is inserted into one of the body's central veins to give fluids or medicines.

Computerized tomography (CT) scan (also called CAT scan)
A type of imaging test that may be used to check for infection of the lungs, head, or other body areas. It provides more information than an x-ray.

Culture
A test that is used to see if any bacteria or fungi are in the body. A sample of blood or other body tissue is placed in a special dish to see what grows in the dish.

Drug interactions
Negative or positive effects that one drug has on another drug in the body. Doctors typically pay close attention to how different drugs react to each other. Some of these reactions can make treatment less effective or cause side effects.

Fungal infection
An infection that happens when a fungus gets into the body and makes a person sick. Many types of fungal infection are not serious, but some types can be very dangerous.

Fungi (plural of Fungus)
From mushrooms to mold to baker’s yeast, fungi are all around you. They live in the air, soil, plants, water, and even the human body. Most fungi are harmless. But some fungi can cause usually minor infections like athlete’s foot. In people who are already sick or have a weak immune system, some fungi can cause very serious infections.

Imaging test
A test such as an x-ray or computerized tomography (CT) scan that looks at what is happening inside your body. Doctors often use imaging tests to check for infection and/or see if a treatment is working.

Infectious disease (ID) specialist
A doctor who has had special training to learn how to care for people with different kinds of infections. He or she is likely to be very involved in the diagnosis and treatment of IFI.

Intravenous (IV) medicine
A medicine that is given as a liquid into a vein. Many people who get an IFI will receive IV medicine for at least some of their treatment.

Invasive fungal infection (IFI)
A term that is usually used to refer to a type of fungal infection where the fungus spreads inside the blood or to body organs, causing serious illness.

Invasive mold infection
A type of invasive fungal infection caused by a mold such as Aspergillus.

Microbiologist
A medical expert who looks at blood and tissue samples taken from patients to see if they have an infection, and if so, what type. Also see Pathologist.

Microscopy
The act of looking at a blood or tissue sample under a microscope, to see if a patient has an infection, and if so, what type.

Mold
A type of fungus that can be found in many places, from shower tile to damp basements to old bread. It is normally harmless to healthy people, but can cause serious infection in people with a weak immune system.

Mucorales
A group of molds that are rare but can sometimes cause very serious infections.

Mucormycosis
A rare type of invasive mold infection that is very serious and can be very hard to treat.

Opportunistic infection
An infection that typically only happens to people who are very sick or who have a weakened immune system. Opportunistic infections can spread quickly throughout the body.

Oral medicine
A medicine that is taken by mouth, such as by swallowing a pill. Many people who need antifungal medicine are able to take it in pill form.

Pathologist
A medical expert who looks at blood and tissue samples taken from patients to identify disease. Not specific to infection. Also see Microbiologist.

Prophylaxis
Prevention. Specific to IFI, prophylaxis is the giving of antifungal medicine to someone who does not yet have a fungal infection. The idea is to try to prevent an IFI in someone who is at risk of getting one.

Radiologist
A doctor who helps identify and treat disease by looking at the results of imaging tests such as x-rays and computerized tomography (CT) scans.

Spores
Specific to IFI, tiny pieces of a fungus that break off and can travel through the air. When breathed in, spores can cause infection in people who are very sick or have a weak immune system.

Systemic antifungal medicine
A medicine that is taken into the body in pill or intravenous (IV) form to help fight an IFI. This is different from antifungal ointments and sprays that are used for generally less serious fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot and vaginal yeast infection.

Yeast
A common type of fungus. Yeast can be harmless and even helpful, like baker’s yeast. But yeast can also cause infections. Some of these infections are not serious. But in people who are sick or have a weak immune system, the yeast Candida can cause serious infection.

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