Reducing your risk of an IFI

Besides taking a medicine prescribed to help prevent IFI, there are other ways to help reduce your risk. Your doctors may explain ways you can reduce your exposure to harmful fungi when you are at home, such as:

Do's and Don'ts:


  • Avoid gardening and exposure to plants, mulch, or cut flowers
  • Use a dehumidifier if your home is damp, to limit mold growth
  • Use an air conditioner during humid months
  • Avoid mold in bathrooms, basements, and other areas
  • Avoid indoor swimming pools and saunas
  • Avoid exposure to construction or renovation (because of dust)


  • If you can’t avoid areas with construction or renovation, wear an N95 respirator (a type of face mask) while you’re there



  • Wash your hands often, and have the people around you do so, too



  • Be careful when handling pets; they also can carry germs



  • Try not to get cuts on your skin; they can allow germs to get into your body



  • Avoid plants or cut flowers, since they may have fungus on them, or in the soil



  • Do not smoke. Smoking may increase your risk of an invasive mold infection



  • Wash raw fruits and vegetables well before you eat them, since they may have fungus on them



Foods to avoid:

Your doctors may also tell you to avoid certain foods, such as:

  • Unpasteurized dairy or dairy products
  • Raw or undercooked meat, poultry, seafood, or soy products
  • Raw or undercooked fruits or vegetables or products containing raw or undercooked fruits or vegetables
  • Unpasteurized beverages (including unpasteurized alcoholic beverages)
  • Any food that has been left unrefrigerated for an extended period
  • Herbal or nutritional supplements

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